Incredible stories of creating anthems of the world

On July 14, 1795, six years after the capture of the Bastille, the French officially approved the revolutionary "Marseille" as the anthem of their country. In this regard, Outlook offers you a selection of unusual stories about the creation of major state songs.

Let's start with "Marseille". It was written in one night. In April 1792, when France was at war with Austria, volunteer detachments were formed in Strasbourg. And the last night before the performance, on April 26, the mayor treated the military to a farewell dinner. After a few glasses (or bottles?), He persuaded the engineer Claude Joseph Rouge de Lille, who was fond of music in his spare time, to make a vigorous march, under which the army will move to victory. And he, using the slogans of the revolutionary posters of the time: "To arms, citizens!", "Tremble, crowned tyrants!", "Everyone became a soldier with us!" It was originally called the "Military March of the Rhine Army", but became the "Marseillaise" because it was first performed by soldiers of the Marseille Volunteer Detachment. In general, the main song of France is quite aggressive, and if foreigners who are moved by it read the translation, it will probably reduce the number of fans, because some lines are very bloodthirsty, say: "Let the blood of the enemy drink our fields", "Murders of women" and children "," Suck people's blood "...

Malaysia did not have its genius one night. Maybe that's why until the end of the 19th century the country lived without the anthem. But during the delegation's visit to Great Britain in 1888, the British realized that they had nothing to musically meet Sultan Perak, invited by Queen Victoria. Before the arrival of the high guest, the organizers asked his assistant what to play during the ceremony. The Malaysian was ashamed to admit that his country did not have a national song, so he sang a fashionable Seychelles tune at the time. When Perak arrived, his subordinates told him that he would have to stand up during a familiar compositi. The Sultan liked the reception, and since then the hit is a real national song, which after independence in 1957 was approved by writing a new text and calling it "Negaraku", which translates as "My Country".

And if the monarch easily agreed to the Seychelles tune, creative people are not so compromising. This is proved by the case of the poet Francisco Gonzalez Bocanegra, whom all his relatives persuaded for a long time to take part in the competition to create the national anthem of Mexico. The poet refused until the beloved girl of Guadeloupe Pillay locked him in the living room of his parents' house. The room, by the way, was decorated with patriotic paintings on the centuries-old history of the state. Nowadays, no one will say whether the paintings inspired Francis or whether he was tired of sitting in four walls, but a few hours later he pushed a poem of ten stanzas under the door, which, in the end, won the competition.

The creation of the anthem of the small island of Helena in the South Atlantic is reminiscent of the history of writing "Marseille". The fact is that a friend of David Mitchell, who lived 800 miles from Napoleon's last refuge on Ascension Island, was asked by a friend to compose a song for the "Elenians lost in the ocean." The story of wine dinner is not mentioned in the story, but something also inspired Mitchell, and in one night he wrote a fun country-style song, from which the local radio station begins its daily morning broadcast.

The Uruguayan anthem was included in our selection for two reasons. First, it is the longest of all - its full implementation takes more than five minutes. Therefore, only the first verses are performed during official receptions. And secondly, its author, the local poet Francisco Esteban Acuña de Figueroa, who managed to work in the civil service, including the Minister of Finance, also became famous for creating a national song for Paraguay.